U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate Nitinol Powder.
What is metal 3D printing?
Metal 3D printing is a 3D printing technology that uses metal powder to directly print metal parts, also known as metal powder sintering (SLM). In addition to good plasticity, 3D printing metal powder must also meet the requirements of fine powder particle size and high particle size distribution. Narrow, high sphericity, good fluidity and high bulk density requirements. Currently, the metal powders used in most 3D printers include stainless steel, aluminum alloys, cobalt-chromium alloys, copper alloys, titanium alloys and nickel alloys. Iron-based alloys are engineering The most important and most used metal material in technology is mostly used for the forming of complex structures, and is widely used in aerospace, automobile, shipbuilding, machinery manufacturing and other industries.
3D Metal Printing Materials
Nickel alloy powder
The oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance of nickel alloy make it suitable for the harsh environment of high temperature and high pressure. When the nickel alloy is heated, a thick and stable oxide layer will be passivated on the surface of the alloy to protect the inside of the alloy from corrosion. Good mechanical properties are maintained over a wide temperature range.
Cobalt-chromium alloy powder
Because of its excellent wear resistance and corrosion resistance, cobalt-chromium alloy powder for metal 3D printing is commonly used to print various artificial joints and orthopaedic implants, and it is also used in the field of dentistry.
Titanium alloy powder
It is widely used in the aerospace field. Using the advantages of 3D printing to help optimize product design, such as replacing the original solid body with a complex and reasonable structure, the finished product has lower weight and better mechanical properties. This can not only reduce costs, but also Lightweight production of each component can be achieved.
Copper alloy powder
With excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, copper with excellent thermal conductivity in thermal management applications can be combined with design freedom to produce complex internal structures and conformal cooling channels.
Stainless steel powder
Relatively cheap metal printing materials, cost-effective, good corrosion resistance, high strength, can quickly and efficiently manufacture small batches of complex industrial parts.
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At present, international supply chains were shocked, and logistics and transportation efficiency decreases. Geopolitical conflicts further aggravate uncertainties about the European and American economic recovery and the global commodity supply. For this reason, I assume the price of the Nitinol Powder would not decrease significantly in the short term.
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