As the European Union tries to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, the Russian president recently said Russia would try to shift its energy exports to the east, adding that there was no way for European countries to give up Russian gas immediately.
Russia supplies about 40 percent of the EU's gas, and western sanctions imposed over the conflict with Ukraine have complicated financing and logistical arrangements for existing agreements, hitting Russian energy exports, the report noted.
Russia has been building closer ties with China and other Asian countries as the European Union debates whether to impose sanctions on Russian gas and oil and member states seek supplies from elsewhere, Reuters said.
"So-called partners from unfriendly countries admit that they cannot survive without Russian energy, including gas," the Russian president said in a televised government meeting. There is no reasonable alternative to Russian gas in Europe right now."
He also said Europe was driving up energy prices and destabilizing markets by talking about cutting off Russia's energy supplies. Russia, which produces about a tenth of the world's oil and a fifth of its natural gas, will need new infrastructure to increase energy supplies to Asia, he said.
He ordered Moscow to submit a plan by June 1, including "the expansion of transport infrastructure to countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific region".
He also sought to clarify the possibility of integrating two pipelines -- the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline in the Far East and the "Power of Siberia" gas pipeline to China -- into Russia's unified gas supply system. In theory, connecting these routes to larger gas networks could allow Russia to divert gas from Europe to Asia.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk Nickel-based Alloy are still very uncertain.
What is GH4049 (GH49) nickel base alloy?
GH4049 is a nickel-based superalloy, which is an age-hardening alloy. The corresponding grade is GH49. Its nickel content is about 70%. After the alloy is remelted by electroslag or vacuum arc, its processing plasticity can be improved. GH4049 superalloy has good hot and cold working properties. The alloy has good oxidation resistance below 1000 °C high temperature environment, high high temperature strength below 950 °C, small notch sensitivity, good oxidation resistance and fatigue strength. , poor single hot working plasticity
Main processing properties of GH4049 (GH49) nickel-based alloy
Compared with nickel-based alloys of the same kind, GH4049 superalloy has poor hot working plasticity. It is suitable for making gas turbine working blades with a working temperature of 850-950 °C. It is mainly used to make turbine blades for aviation, naval and industrial gas turbines. , high-temperature components such as guide vanes, turbine disks, high-pressure compressor disks and combustion chambers; also used in the manufacture of space vehicles, rocket engines, nuclear reactors, petrochemical equipment, and coal conversion and other energy conversion devices.
The nano-surface crystal layer was prepared on the surface of GH4049 nickel-based superalloy by the treatment process. The effects of different ultrasonic shot peening intensity and shot peening time on its yield strength, tensile strength and microhardness were analyzed. Residual stress distribution of the specimen after nanoization. The research results show that the increase of shot peening time has no direct relationship with the improvement of material strength, and with the increase of shot peening time, the strength of the material will decrease due to the damage of the material surface. After ultrasonic shot peening, the microhardness was significantly improved compared with that of the untreated specimen, and a compressive stress layer of about thickness was formed on the surface of the specimen, and the large compressive stress far exceeded the yield limit of the material.
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Commodities such as crude oil, wheat, cotton, and nickel have rallied since Russia's "special military operations" began in late February. On the last trading day of this quarter, commodities were on track for their biggest gain since 1990. For this reason, it is expected that the price of the Nickel-based Alloy will continue to increase.
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